Treinta ciudades europeas prometen reducir un 40% sus emisiones en quince años

  • Atenas coronada por una nube de contaminación (pixabay)
    Atenas coronada por una nube de contaminación (pixabay)

Sobre la Entidad

Conferencia de Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático en Lima. 

Al menos treinta capitales y grandes ciudades de la Unión Europea (UE) adoptaron hoy una declaración en la que prometen esforzarse en reducir al menos en un 40% sus emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero antes de 2030.

La “Declaración de Alcaldes Europeos por el Clima” no solo resalta que las ciudades comprometidas representan a “más de 60 millones de habitantes y 2.000 millones de euros de producto interior bruto (PIB)”, sino que lanza un mensaje clave: la lucha contra el cambio climático es una prioridad.

Durante la presentación de la iniciativa, el presidente francés, François Hollande, señaló que las ciudades pueden jugar un papel importante para alcanzar el acuerdo global climático que se espera lograr en la COP21 de Francia.

Así, el mandatario francés recordó que “las ciudades pueden demostrar que es posible vivir bien con un modelo urbano” que lucha contra el calentamiento climático, además de presionar a los Gobiernos para alcanzar un acuerdo mundial que proteja el planeta para futuras generaciones.

Por su parte, la alcaldesa de París, Anne Hidalgo, recordó la importancia que representan las ciudades en el reto climático. “Para convencerse de que el reto climático es un reto local, basta con recordar que entre 2015 y 2050, las ciudades del mundo acogerán a dos tercios de la humanidad y emitirán el 70 % de los gases con efecto invernadero”, destacó Hidalgo.

Finalmente, la alcaldesa indicó, junto con el ministro de Exteriores francés, Laurent Fabius, que durante la COP21, el Consejo Mundial de las Ciudades y Gobiernos Locales Unidos (CGLU) para el Clima reunirá desde el al 7 de diciembre a un millar de alcaldes de todo el mundo.

Aquí les dejamos la declaración (inglés):

‘In response to the challenge of global climate change, a European commitment and local solutions’

If climate change is global, solutions are first and foremost local. Because large cities are at the crossroads of these two levels, they are at the forefront of the fight against climate change.

This is why, we, the European capitals and metropolises that represent more than 60 million inhabitants and have significant investment capacity (€2tn GDP), have decided to join forces and strengthen the instruments that will lead us toward the energy and environmental transition.

We are addressing the major causes of greenhouse gas emissions: polluting transport, old and/or poorly isolated buildings and energy supply.

In parallel, we are launching ambitious projects such as tackle urban sprawl, (re)introduce nature and biodiversity in our cities, improve recycling, fight against waste, move us towards a circular economy, prioritize public transport, increase electrical mobility, refurbish buildings and improve energy efficiency.

Job creation and the seeking of partnerships with rural neighbouring territories are a crucial challenge to succeed. During this meeting in Paris, on March, 26, 2015, we pledge to move further with our respective climate plans.

The second level of action is the European level. Time has now come for European capitals and metropolises to pool our efforts to tackle climate change. This requires a closer dialogue between cities through a more regular exchange of expertise and good practices.

The European diplomacy of cities, respectful of the diversity of territories and local cultures intends to gain rapid and sustainable momentum. Within the European Union, it must be better supported by the European parliament and commission and should benefit from direct European funding.

We must proceed even further by promoting the coordination of public investments on a voluntary basis. Together, European metropolises represent a very substantial public procurement market of about €10bn per year and this has a leverage effect on the private sector that very often aligns its own requirements with the public sector.

These investment expenditures should be concentrated on the “green” sectors of the economy and “low carbon” industries (modernisation of production tools and innovation) and services. This is the initiative we are launching tomorrow in Paris: we strive to coordinate our public procurements to bring about the emergence of a more ecological offer. The Europe of cities is going to take shape through this bold and collaborative approach.

Lastly, we must be more involved at the global level. The efforts we are making, the policies we are pursuing in our cities must contribute to the adoption of a global agreement on climate. We must build on our networks of cities and local governments involved in climate action to create new global governance.

Since the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, 23 years ago, the United Nations has been trying to achieve an international consensus on the issue of climate change while its effects continue to worsen. Today, we have no alternative. The next climate summit in Paris in December 2015 must show that we are fully aware of what is at stake. European metropolises are already acting by proposing local solutions to tackle climate change.

Tomorrow, we will join other cities across the planet – in North and South America, in Africa, in Asia – which implement innovative local solutions. Together, thanks to the cities gathered in networks and in collaboration with citizens, NGOs, the scientific community, entrepreneurs and businesses we will make a difference.

Because cities are amongst the major contributors to climate change, it is our duty to find viable paths for our future. This is the full measure of the synergy between the mayors who are determined to share globally the solutions they have found locally.

Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris; Michael Häupl, mayor of Vienna ; Yvan Mayeur, mayor of Brussels; Jordanka Fandakova, mayor of Sofia; Constantinos Yiorkadjis, mayor of Nicosia; Frank Jensen, mayor of Copenhagen; Jussi Pajunen, mayor of Helsinki ; Alain Juppé, mayor of Bordeaux ; Yiorgos Kaminis, ayor of Athens ;István Tarlós, mayor of Budapest; Christy Burke, mayor of Dublin; Giuliano Pisapia, mayor of Milan; Ignazio Marino, mayor of Rome; Artūras Zuokas, mayor of Vilnius; Antonio Costa, mayor of Lisbon; Sorin Oprescu, mayor of Bucarest;Boris Johnson, mayor of London; Zoran Janković, mayor of Ljubljana; Karin Wanngård, mayor of Stockholm; Sami Kanaan, mayor of Geneva; Ana María Botella Serrano, mayor of Madrid; Alexiei Dingli, mayor of Valletta; Dario Nardella, mayor of Florence; Edgar Savisaar, mayor of Tallinn; Gérard Collomb, mayor of Lyon; Roland Ries, mayor of Strasbourg,